Throughout the world today, nations are turning to the wind power to meet ever-growing energy needs. Large-scale wind turbine construction is continually being developed and implemented to help solve the energy problems that face us. While the basic operation, production, and installation of these massive machines might be similar to that of smaller units, there are also some major differences to take into account.
To produce a large supply of electricity for schools, constructing plants or even entire cities, equipment of large proportions must be built. Regardless of where they are located, wind resources must be maximized to make use of open land or seas that may be available. Simply placing smaller units over vast areas of land is not a practical solution.
To be adequately effective in taking wind energy without compromising huge portions of the environment, bigger machines are required to produce the most electricity in the smallest spaces possible. These will be subject to much greater factors concerning weights, speeds and material strengths than smaller units. Merely scaling up generation systems that might be used for individual buildings or other small facilities is not practical.
First of all, a great deal of planning goes into feasibility studies that will need to go far beyond that required for a backyard power station. In addition to assessing the basic wind resources, there are detailed consumption pattern predictions and ecological impact implications which must be carefully evaluated. Proximity to housing, local regulations and any transmission barriers must also be considered before the actual building of a wind farm can start.
This is an important and complex part of the overall process because it will involve many crucial components to the success of the wind project. Besides considerations to air traffic agencies, local communities and communication providers, this planning stage will determine the possibility of any future problems that could arise. It will also establish facts on investment return expectations.
The next stage would be to produce the proper design of all supporting structures and the wind turbines themselves. The engineers responsible for the design and installation will have to construct an integrated wind turbine system that will meet all criteria for the individual location. There will be geological surveys required to make structural calculations for the foundation designs.